Poker Rules
Tuesday, September 30, 2014

7-Card Stud

Each player receives two hole cards, followed by four cards face up and a final hole card in Seven-Card Stud. Players use five of those seven cards to make their best five-card poker hand, with the best hand winning the pot.

hole cards
Face DownFace Down2 of Diamonds10 of Clubs9 of Diamonds3 of ClubsFace Down

This is a basic description of Seven-Card Stud. For more general poker rules, read Robert's Rules of Poker, which also includes more specific Seven-Card Stud rules.

Game Progression

  1. Ante - Forced bet prior to receiving cards
  2. Deal - Two cards face down followed by one card face up to each player
    Face DownFace Down2 of Diamonds
  3. Bring-in and First Betting Round - Lowest card showing must bet at least half the small bet to open the betting
  4. Fourth Street - Each player receives another card face up
    Face DownFace Down2 of Diamonds  
    10 of Clubs
  5. Second Betting Round
  6. Fifth Street - Each player receives another card face up
    Face DownFace Down2 of Diamonds10 of Clubs  
    9 of Diamonds
  7. Third Betting Round
  8. Sixth Street - Each player receives another card face up
    Face DownFace Down2 of Diamonds10 of Clubs9 of Diamonds  
    3 of Clubs
  9. Fourth Betting Round
  10. River - Each player receives his or her final card face down
    Face DownFace Down2 of Diamonds10 of Clubs9 of Diamonds3 of Clubs  
    Face Down
  11. Final Betting Round
  12. Showdown - Players reveal cards to determine which hand wins
    Ace of Hearts4 of Spades2 of Diamonds10 of Clubs9 of Diamonds3 of Clubs5 of Hearts

Antes
Before the hands are dealt, each player puts an ante into the pot.

Deal, Bring-in and First Betting Round
Every player receives two hole cards, followed by one door card dealt face up which everyone can see. The player with the lowest value card showing (suits break ties, with clubs being lowest, followed by diamonds, hearts then spades) must post the bring-in, which is less than the full amount of the lower betting limit, or may make a complete bet, which is equal to the lower betting limit. The player immediately to the left of the bring-in must decide to call, fold, complete the bet (if the player with the lowest card paid the minimum bring-in) or raise (if the player with the lowest card made a complete bet). The remaining players are then faced with the same decision until all players have wagered the same amount in the round. NOTE: After the bet has been completed, subsequent raises are equal to the small bet (e.g., In a $10/$20 game with a $5 bring-in, a player could complete the bet to $10, and each subsequent raise would be in $10 increments, not $5).

Fourth Street and Second Betting Round
After the first betting round is complete, the dealer burns a card then deals a second door card to each player. The player with the best poker hand showing has the first option to check or bet. The bet amount is equal to the small bet, unless the player has an exposed pair, in which case he/she has the option to bet in either the large or small increment. Play proceeds clockwise around the table until the betting round is complete.

Fifth Street and Third Betting Round
After the second betting round is complete, the dealer burns a card then deals a third door card to each player. The player with the best poker hand showing has the first option to check or bet. The betting increment doubles to the larger increment in the third betting round and stays at that level for the remainder of the hand. Play proceeds clockwise around the table until the betting round is complete.

Sixth Street and Fourth Betting Round
After the third betting round is complete, the dealer burns a card then deals a fourth door card to each player. The player with the best poker hand showing has the first option to check or bet. Play proceeds clockwise around the table until the betting round is complete.

River and Final Betting Round
After the fourth betting round is complete, the dealer burns a card then deals the final card face down to each player. The player with the best poker hand showing has the first option to check or bet. Play proceeds clockwise around the table until the betting round is complete.

Showdown
Once all bets have been settled, the last player to make a bet must show his or her hand. Players who called must show their hand if it beats the final bettor, but if they do not hold a winning hand, they have the option of mucking without showing.

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